KAMBY AIREDALES (Afijo pendiente de confirmacion por FCM )
A man and his legacy
17 Aug 20 - 15:42
A MAN AND HIS LEGACY
Derived from a previous publication, someone asked who Lt. Colonel Richardson was.
My quick answer was a man whos preferred breed was the Airedale and understood his nature.
Here is a summary. in the World of Working Airedales and the breed in general, it's simply amazing how much is owed to just one man.
Lt. Col. Edwin Hautenville Richardson.
Richardson, born at the turn of the 19th century in England, was a noted dog fancier, who during his early studies, rediscovered the early use of dogs by the generals of the ancient Greeks and Romans.
It was also at this time, that he learned that dogs were being trained for military purposes in a few of the European continental armies, which aroused in him a curiosity, that would last a lifetime.
When war broke out in 1914, there were no military dogs of any sort attached to the British Army save for one sole Airedale, who served with the 2nd Battalion Norfolk Regiment as a sentry and accompanied the battalion to France where it was eventually killed by a shell on the Aisne.
Richardson however, was convinced of the essential role dogs could fill in wartime and have built up a large kennel of dogs who underwent experimental training to this purpose. He visited the Continent frequently to gather tips and information and to observe the extent that dogs were used by the police forces and armies abroad.
Germany favours a considerable variety of breeds. Sheepdogs, Doberman Pinscher dogs, which are in appearance like large black - and - tan terriers, and Airedales, are largely used. The last are imported from England. 1)
The sagacity of the dog, his faithfulness and devotion to duty, his strong affections and intense hatreds, and his keen sense of humour,—all these qualities are seen and appreciated by the trainer; and wise is the man who makes use of them and adapts them to his own requirements. Besides these moral qualities, the dog is physically well adapted to the service of man, and especially for police work 1)
Armed with this information, Edwin H. Richardson, became a man of vision and determination, who understood the need for England to create its army of dogs.
How this came about, is the basis of his first book, "My Forty Years With Dogs," published in 1918, shortly after The Great War.
Within its pages, Richardson recorded his training methods used for both police, and what we now know as, military working dogs.
He also wrote about his first-hand experiences, with the various European armies and their use of dogs.
Practically everything we know about the early twenty-century history of war dogs to due singularly to E. H. Richardson's articles and dispatches at the time.
War, Police, and Watch Dogs, a book published 1910
British War dogs, Their training and Psychology a book Published 1920
This book is dedicated to the brave Dogs of Britain who helped their country in her hour of need. FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH.
The Spanish against the Riffs in Morocco; the Bulgarians during the Balkan Wars; the English and the Abor Expedition; the Italians against the Turks, in Tripoli; - It was his unerring determination and dedication, that founded the first British War Dog School at the beginning of The Great War; and again years later, at the start of the Second World War. And it was E.H. Richardson's books, that were used as training manuals by the United States' Quartermaster Corps, in 1942, when this country started its first official K-9 Army.
Well, many of the histories we know about the bravery and service during the war of the Airedale is derived from Richardson's work.
Richardson began to supply dogs for sentry and patrol work finding that Airedale Terriers displayed the ideal combination of qualities.
It was in response to a letter from an officer from the Royal Artillery in the winter of 1916, that Richardson turned his attention to training dogs specifically as messengers. The officer pointed out that trained dogs would be able to keep up communication between his outpost and the battery during a heavy bombardment, when noise and communication difficulties rendered telephones practically useless and when the risk to human runners was enormous. Richardson, after several experiments, successfully trained two Airedales to carry messages for two miles without a hitch and on New Year's Eve, the two dogs, named Wolf and Prince, departed for France.
One of their first tasks was to carry a message four miles to brigade headquarters from the front line through a smoke barrage, a task completed within an hour. It soon became clear that dogs were faster, steadier, more nimble across shell holes and muddy terrain, and more difficult to spot than human messengers.
The two dogs were trailblazers. With Wolf and Prince having proved the usefulness of dogs at the front, demand for more messenger dogs grew and Lt-Col. Richardson was asked by the War Office to establish his British War Dog School in 1917.
The British War Dog School followed a training regime that encouraged kindness, gentleness, and reward. If a dog made a mistake, it was not chastised or punished but simply shown how to do it over and over again. It also acclimatized the dogs to battlefront conditions by taking them through mock trenches at the school, or by making them run towards rifle fire. Any men under instruction, 'showing roughness or lack of sympathy with the dogs' would be instantly dismissed.
He continued working with Airedales
Airedales afford ideal qualities. They are faithful to those they know but very suspicious of strangers. Their coat is hard and weather-resisting, and they possess good scenting and hearing powers.
I have found that the old-fashioned heavy type, with a good wiry coat, is a particularly useful dog, 2)
I have come to the conclusion that a dog trained to some definite work, is happier than the average loafing dog, no matter how kindly the latter may be treated. I certainly found it to be the case with the army dogs.
I am not certain that this phrase is from him but it suits well this article and I am sure that an intelligent, fearless and loving dog like the Airedale sure will be happier doing some type of sport using his privileged mind and body
This could continue and go on and on for may pages, with histories and anecdotes of the variety of tasks the War Airedales did as carrying pigeons, one of the messenger's jobs, helping set and repair telegraph lines, helping the wounded.
It is of such importance the Airedale contribution as partner and aid to the military that a group of people who loves the breed so much, took the time raise funds and build a monument dedicated to war Airedales this memorial commemorating Airedale terriers and the soldiers they served beside in World War One
The memorial is in East Haven Beach in Carnoustie, where. Lt. Col. Edwin Hautenville Richardson, trained the dogs.
FARMERS BRED THEM TO WEAR MANY HATS.
A Jack of all trades many say, and he masters any task is given. and they have proved.
Wise is the man/woman who makes use of them and adapts them to his/her requirements.
1)War police, watchdog Richardson p. 27
2)War police, watchdog Richardson p. 31
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